Decade of Centenaries
Public Call for Submissions –
To assist the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations in advising Government on the State’s approach to the commemoration of significant historical events that took place between 1918 and 1923
Between 2018 and 2023, the State will recall significant historical events that took place between 1918 and 1923 on the road to the foundation of the State, as well as important themes of that period. The Government will be supported in its approach by the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations and the commemorative programme for the second half of the Decade of Centenaries will be inclusive, respectful and authentic, with the objective of promoting a deeper understanding of differing perspectives on this sensitive period in our shared history.
The Second Statement of the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations contains guiding principles to support interested parties navigate the turbulent historical period that followed the 1916 Easter Rising until the admission of the Irish Free State into the League of Nations in 1923. The Group’s role is to advise Government on how the challenging events and themes of that time might be meaningfully and sensitively remembered.
It is now proposed to commence a public consultation process, on behalf of the Expert Advisory Group, to stimulate a conversation and public debate around how these significant and sensitive historical events and related themes might be appropriately remembered, in line with the principles expressed in the Second Statement of the Expert Advisory Group on Commemoration.
It is hoped that this consultation process will result in a rich diversity of perspectives and ideas, which will assist the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations in their work to advise Government regarding the State’s approach to commemorations over the remainder of the Decade of Centenaries.
A timeline of significant historical events and themes is set out at Appendix A, which you may wish to reference in formulating your contributions and ideas. We would particularly welcome your views as to how these events and themes might be appropriately marked by the State.
How to make a submission:
Written submissions can be made in English or in Irish and should ideally not exceed 1,000 words.
Submissions can be sent via email to email@example.com or posted to the address below:
Decade of Centenaries Public Consultation
Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
3rd Floor, Joyce House
8/11 Lombard Street East, Dublin 2
Submissions will be accepted until Wednesday, 31st January 2018.
Following the conclusion of the consultation process, the Expert Advisory Group on Commemorations will make recommendations to the Minister for Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. The Advisory Group’s report will then be published.
Publication of Submissions and Confidentiality:
The Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht may publish on the Department’s website submissions received that it considers appropriate for publication. The Department retains sole discretion in this regard.
Where appropriate, these submissions may be shared with relevant Government Departments and other stakeholders to promote an integrated approach to the development of the commemorative programme for the second half of the Decade of Centenaries.
If you do not consent to your submission being shared with relevant Government Departments and other stakeholders, please can you confirm this by ticking the appropriate box on the attached submission cover sheet, which must accompany each submission.
Accordingly, if you would like your submission to be treated as confidential by the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, please can you reference this in your submission and further confirm this by ticking the appropriate box on your submission cover sheet.
All submissions will be converted to PDF files for publishing.
The names of interested parties who make submissions will be published unless you ask us not to publish your name. If it is the case that you do not want your name to be published, please can you note this in your submission and tick the appropriate box on the submission cover sheet. For submissions made by or on behalf of organisations, only the name of the organisation will be published. No contact details will be published.
The views expressed in the submissions are the views of the author and should not be interpreted as reflecting the views of the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. The publication of submissions on the Department’s website does not imply that the Department endorses their content. The Department accepts no legal liability arising from any views expressed in these submissions.
By sending a submission, the authors agree to these conditions.
The list below sets out significant historical events and themes proposed for appropriate remembrance by the State over the remainder of the Decade of Centenaries. It should be noted that this is an indicative rather than a final list, pending the outcome of the consultation process.
Significant Historical Events and Themes (1918 – 1923):
World War I
- The sinking of the RMS Leinster on 10th October 1918
- The signing of the armistice agreement on 11th November 1918, which ended World War I
- The experience of soldiers returning from World War I
- The signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28th June 1919
The Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918/1919
Significant changes to the political landscape in 1918
- The death of John Redmond on 6th March 1918
- The 1918 General Election
Introduction of women’s suffrage in 1918
- Women attaining limited voting rights and 100 years of women’s participation in Irish political life (Representation of People Act 1918 and Parliament (Qualification of Women) Act 1918)
The Independence Struggle 1919 – 1921 (military and parallel non-military activity)
- The convening of the first Dáil – Dáil Éireann – in the Mansion House on 21st January 1919
- The Soloheadbeg Ambush on 21st January 1919 and the beginning of the Independence Struggle
- The election of Éamon De Valera as President of Ireland on 1st April 1919
- The death of Thomás MacCurtain on 20th March 1920
- The death of Terence MacSwiney on 25th October 1920
- The execution of Kevin Barry on 1st November 1920
- Bloody Sunday, 21st November 1920
- The burning of Cork, December 1920
- The Government of Ireland Act 1920
- The burning of the Custom House on 25th May 1921
- The Truce ending the Independence struggle comes into effect on 11th July 1921
- The participation of women in the War of Independence and violence against women during that time
- A ceremony of remembrance for all those who lost their lives during the War of Independence
- The impact of the Independence struggle on children
The foundation of the State
- The enactment of the Constitution of the Irish Free State on 25th October 1922, which included equal voting rights for women
- The signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6th December 1921
- The foundation of Saorstát Éireann (Irish Free State)
The Civil War
- The outbreak of the Civil War, with the bombardment of the Public Records Office adjoining the Four Courts on 28th May 1922
- Commemoration of the deaths of Arthur Griffiths and Michael Collins and all who lost their lives during the Civil War (August/September 2022)
- The Ballyseedy Massacre on 6th March 1923
- The ending of the Civil War on 24th May 1923
- The participation of women in the Civil War and violence against women during that time
- The impact of the Civil War on children during that time
- Recognition of the contribution of the army and the police services, forebears of the Defence Forces and An Garda Síochána, in ensuring the transition to democracy
The foundation of Northern Ireland, Partition and the drawing of the Border
- The Northern Ireland election and the first sitting of the Parliament of Northern Ireland in June 1921 and the impact and legacy of the historical events of the period on the Catholic and nationalist community north of the new border
The experience of the Protestant and Unionist communities in Ireland from 1918 – 2023
- The impact and legacy of the historical events of the period on the Protestant and unionist communities in Ireland south of the new border
The admission of the Irish Free State into the League of Nations in September 1923
- The Free State joins the League of Nations on 10th September 1923